It’s a Thursday tradition on Take2! Learning more about what makes the islands unique.
Kamaka Pili joined Take2 to talk about Kalanianaʻole Highway’s namesake.
The highway is named after Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Piʻikoi who was known as the Prince of the People.
He was the heir to the thrown of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi by his hānai father King David Laʻamea Kalākaua, the last male monarch of Hawaiʻi.
Prince Kūhiō experienced the very lows in his life from being imprisoned for trying to get his aunt, Queen Liliʻuokalani, back on the thrown after being illegally overthrown in 1893.
In 1895, Prince Kūhiō was part of the Royalist uprising. He was convicted of treason and spent a year in prison.
He was also very successful as the second U.S. congressional delegate from Hawaiʻi for 20 years. In his 10 terms in office, Kūhiō accomplished a lot for his people including the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921.
The federal government of the United States set aside approximately 200,000 acres in the Territory of Hawaii as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawaiians. The purpose of the act was to rehabilitate Native Hawaiians, particularly in returning them to the land to maintain traditional ties to the land.
The act defined Native Hawaiians as persons with 50% or more Hawaiian blood. However, when pushed to define a Native Hawaiian, Prince Kūhiō wanted a blood quantum of no less than 1/32.